The 30 Tense Combinations

The 30 Tense Combinations With Examples

      Present   Past
       
           
  Verb present simple   past simple
      She sings well.   She sang the song.
           
           
Verb + … Future future   future in the past
      She is going to sing tonight.   She was going to sing last night. 
           
Verb + … Perfect present perfect   past perfect
      She has sung in that theatre.   She had sung in that theatre before.
           
Verb + … Continuous present continuous   past continuous
      She is singing now.   She was singing when we entered the hall.
           
Verb + … Passive passive   past passive
      That song is sung often.   That song was sung often 20 years ago.
           
           
Verb + Future + … Perfect future perfect   future perfect in the past
      She will have sung the song by then.   She would have sung the song by then, but the schedule had been changed.
           
Verb + Future + … Continuous future continuous   future continuous in the past
      She is going to be singing when we arrive.   She was going to be singing when we arrived, but the schedule was changed.
           
Verb + Future + … Passive future passive   future passive in the past
      The song will be sung twice before intermission.   The song would be sung twice before intermission if the singer had a stronger voice.
           
           
Verb + Future + Perfect +… Continuous future perfect continuous   future perfect continuous in the past
      She is going to have been singing for hours when the performance is complete.    She was going to have been singing for hours by then, but her voice had gone out.
           
Verb + Future + Perfect +… Passive future perfect passive   future perfect passive in the past
      The song will have been   The song would have been sung twice before intermission, but the liberetto was changed.
           
           
Verb + Future + Perfect + Continuous… Passive future passive perfect continuous   future passive perfect continuous in the past
      The song is going to have been being sung for one minute when the chorus joins in.   The song was going to have been being sung for one minute when the chorus joined in, but they missed their cue.
           
           
Verb + Perfect +… Continuous perfect continuous   past perfect continuous
      She has been singing since she was very young.   She had been singing for years before she appeared for the first time on the stage.
           
Verb + Perfect +… Passive perfect passive   past perfect passive
      The song has been sung twice so far in this performance.   The song had been sung twice by intermission.
           
           
Verb + Perfect + Continuous +… Passive passive perfect continuous   past passive perfect continuous
      That song has been being sung since the middle ages.   The song had been being sung since the middle ages until it fell out of popularity and all memory.
           
           
Verb + Continuous +… Passive passive continuous   past passive continuous
      The song is being sung.   The song was being sung when we entered the hall.